In Ubuntu, you can run the following command to install Redis.
wget http://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz tar xvzf redis-stable.tar.gz cd redis-stable make
It is a good idea to copy both the Redis server and the command line interface in proper places, either manually using the following commands:
sudo cp src/redis-server /usr/local/bin/ sudo cp src/redis-cli /usr/local/bin/
The simplest way to start the Redis server is just executing the redis-server binary without any argument.
$ redis-server  01 Aug 19:29:28 # Warning: no config file specified, using the default config. In order to specify a config file use 'redis-server /path/to/redis.conf'  01 Aug 19:29:28 * Server started, Redis version 2.2.12  01 Aug 19:29:28 * The server is now ready to accept connections on port 6379 ... more logs ...
Check if Redis is working
$ redis-cli ping PONG
$ redis-cli shutdown
Install Redis using an init script
A proper install using an init script is strongly suggested. The following instructions can be used to perform a proper installation using the init script shipped with Redis 2.4 in a Debian or Ubuntu based distribution.
We assume you already copied redis-server and redis-cli executables under /usr/local/bin.
Create a directory where to store your Redis config files and your data:
sudo mkdir /etc/redis sudo mkdir /var/redis
Copy the init script that you'll find in the Redis distribution under the utils directory into /etc/init.d. We suggest calling it with the name of the port where you are running this instance of Redis. For example:
sudo cp utils/redis_init_script /etc/init.d/redis_6379
Copy the template configuration file you'll find in the root directory of the Redis distribution into /etc/redis/ using the port number as name, for instance:
sudo cp redis.conf /etc/redis/6379.conf
Create a directory inside /var/redis that will work as data and working directory for this Redis instance:
sudo mkdir /var/redis/6379
Edit the configuration file, making sure to perform the following changes:
- Set daemonize to yes (by default it is set to no).
- Set the pidfile to
/var/run/redis_6379.pid(modify the port if needed).
- Change the port accordingly. In our example it is not needed as the default port is already 6379.
- Set your preferred loglevel.
- Set the logfile to
- Set the dir to /var/redis/6379 (very important step!)
Finally add the new Redis init script to all the default runlevels using the following command:
sudo update-rc.d redis_6379 defaults > insserv: warning: script 'K01redis_6379' missing LSB tags and overrides > insserv: warning: script 'redis_6379' missing LSB tags and overrides
The command above returns 2 warning messages. But not sure how did they happen.
You are done! Now you can try running your instance with:
sudo /etc/init.d/redis_6379 start
Make sure that everything is working as expected:
- Try pinging your instance with redis-cli.
- Do a test save with redis-cli save and check that the dump file is correctly stored into /var/redis/6379/ (you should find a file called dump.rdb).
- Check that your Redis instance is correctly logging in the log file.
- If it's a new machine where you can try it without problems make sure that after a reboot everything is still working.